The Trans-Mongolian train makes its way through the Mongolian countryside.

At the top of many people’s bucket list is a trip on the Trans-Siberian Railroad.  A trip on the railroad allows riders to experience the never-ending forests of Siberia, the lonely valleys of Mongolia, and the Gobi desert in one trip. However, with a trip that can span a third of the globe and take up to 7 days to complete, special preparations are definitely necessary.

The first step in preparing for your journey is to figure out which of the 3 routes you want to take. The classic line is the Trans-Siberian from Moscow to Vladivostok on Russia’s far eastern coast. On the other hand, the most popular route with travelers is the Trans-Mongolian, which crosses through Siberia before veering off the main rail line, traveling through Mongolia and ending in Beijing, China. Lastly, you can take the Trans-Manchurian line, which runs from Moscow to Beijing, but bypasses Mongolia.

The marker on the train indicating its major stops in Chinese, Russian, and Mongolian.

The second step in preparing for your journey is to get the appropriate visas. Nearly every nationality requires a visa for travel to both Russia and China, and while you can obtain them yourself, both are time consuming. To make the process easier, consider using a visa service to like Invisa Logistics for Russia and CSCA for China, both of which are recommended by the respective embassies.

Americans can enter Mongolia visa-free, but most others will have to secure a visa to travel there as well.

It’s also a good idea to arrange your tickets prior to leaving. While you will pay a surcharge for this service, it beats turning up at a Russian train station and discovering that your train is sold out or that the ticket seller doesn’t speak any English (a problem you’re likely to encounter). For trains leaving from Russia or Mongolia, you can obtain your tickets from Real Russia. For trains departing from Beijing, CITS is a reputable agency with English-speaking agents.

Buying your ticket ahead of time also requires you to plan your stops. All 3 train lines pass through Irkutsk, which is a very popular stop close to the mid-point of the journey. This Siberian city is also the gateway to the must-see Lake Baikal. The largest lake in the world by volume, Lake Baikal is so clean that you can drink directly from its frigid waters. There’s no better place to see Siberian culture or nature than the peaceful shores of the lake.

The sun sets over China’s Gobi Desert in Inner Mongolia.

On the Trans-Mongolian Line, many like to stop in Ulan Bator, Mongolia, as well, to experience this amazing country. While the city itself is nothing special, a trip to the countryside gives you the chance to stay with a nomadic family in a traditional ger (felt-lined tents) and view the sweeping vistas of beautiful green grass and impossibly blue skies that go on for as far as the eye can see.

The interior corridor of the Trans-Mongolian.


Lastly, you need to prepare for the trip itself. Since you’ll spend a total of 6 or 7 nights on the train, make sure that you have plenty of reading material and batteries. Also make sure to pack some wet wipes for cleaning yourself (there are no showers onboard), a thermos and instant coffee or tea (hot water is provided in each car), and some ear plugs.

While you’ll have a nice bed on your trip, most people will share a compartment with others, so a phrasebook will be very helpful in getting to know your travel companions. Even if you opt for a private compartment, having a Russian and Chinese phrasebook will help you figure out when the train is leaving each station and how to order food in the dining car.

The Trans-Siberian Railroad is the journey of a lifetime, and with a bit of preparation, you can ensure that you’ll have the time of your life as you traverse the Far East.


All photos by author Jim Cheney.

The author onboard the Trans-Mongolian train.

Jim Cheney is a freelance travel writer and photographer based in Harrisburg, PA. Jim spent over two years in Asia traveling and working prior to settling back in America. His writing focuses mainly on travel planning advice and unique travel destinations throughout Asia, Europe, and North America.

To find more of his work, visit his site,



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World’s Most Jaw-Dropping Train Rides
Andrew Zimmern Travels to Mongolia
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46 Responses

  1. Wally says:

    Having previously traveled to Mongolia, but by plane, not train, you have inspired me to try it by train if I ever go back. Great article. Very informative and the pictures were wonderful.

  2. Ajay Gyan says:

    Indeed Trans-Siberian Railroad is beautiful. No one can doubt about it but Indian Railroads are one that brings great travel experience. The best part about Indian railroads are that one get exposure to natural diverse culture of India. I hope one day you will definitely bring your pen on paper to write something about Indian railroads.

  3. ayesha says:

    The Trans-Siberian Railway is one of the most famous train journeys in the world. For me, it was the highlight of the three months I spent in Russia. I traveled in reverse, going from Vladivostok to Moscow (most people start in Moscow) and went slowly, taking nearly a month to complete the journey and stopping in five cities along the way.

  4. vamsi says:

    its really nice to find the route of the trains from siberian

  5. pnrstatus says:

    its realy nice to know the route fron siberian

  6. I love to travel a lot to different parts of the country. I have been to kerala, bangalore, agra and many other places. I love train journey especially. I will boomark this page and in future definitely I will travel for siberian.

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  8. Traveller says:

    6-7 days no shower? must be stinking in Train?

  9. PNR Check says:

    It is actually easy planning a travel using our site

  10. Pnr Status says:

    I was planning my vacation trip, so i thought lets search over web and find best place for our trip. During the search i cam across your article, Siberian route are good. But can you tell me any good place to spend my vacation with my family.

  11. irctc login says:

    it's very helpful for my siberian railroad trip, yhanks

  12. Bookmarked

    Happy New Year :)

  13. after reading this article, I am my way to book a ticket to Russia and then Trans Siberian, the biggest rail roads in the world.

  14. your article really amazing to read this is my first visit and please share this type of article It also provides information on its promotion events, expected income on first day release and predictions among others.

  15. After reading this article, i am thinking to follow the route this summer. I will share my experience with all you guys.

  16. Well informative one! after reading it i should be planning for Trans-Siberian Railroad ;)

  17. Urvi says:

    Trans-Siberian Railway is one of the amazing experience.

    Thanks for the share

  18. TRans-Siberian railway is a great network.

  19. Live Cricket says:

    Thankyou for sharing this great information

  20. Wonder ful informative article thankyou

  21. Peener says:

    Trans-Siberian train has long been on my list. I am a big fan of trains and I never miss an opportunity to take some new railroads in India when I visit the country. I recommend India Railroads and for trainspotters I must emphasis some Indian mountain rails in Himalayas.

  22. IRCTC says:

    i wish in india also we had sumthing like Trans-Siberian train

  23. loadmate says:

    Just awesome post here
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  24. vijay says:

    wonderful information, I had come to know about your blog from my friend nandu , hyderabad,i have read atleast 7 posts of yours by now, and let me tell you, your website gives the best and the most interesting information. This is just the kind of information that i had been looking for, i'm already your rss reader now and i would regularly watch out for the new posts, once again hats off to you! Thanks a ton once again, Regards, pnr status

  25. vijay says:

    wonderful information, I had come to know about your blog from my friend nandu , hyderabad,i have read atleast 7 posts of yours by now, and let me tell you, your website gives the best and the most interesting information. This is just the kind of information that i had been looking for, i'm already your rss reader now and i would regularly watch out for the new posts, once again hats off to you! Thanks a ton once again, Regards, pnr status

  26. The Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation, truncated as is the sole division dealing with cooking, tourism and online reservation of tickets.

  27. great article ! A worth reading post . thanks for sharing

  28. I want to travel a considerable measure to distinctive parts of the nation. I have been to kerala, bangalore, agra and numerous different spots. I adore train travel particularly. I will boomark this page and in future without a doubt I will go for siberian.

  29. I already had this moment. It was really awesome i visited the place with my family the moment was unforgettable.

  30. Hotstar says:

    I really want to visit this place through Trans-Siberian Railroad after watching this amazing picture. Thank you for your valuable information

  31. The first one thing to visit this blog is useful information and provide comfort for visitors.

  32. tato says:

    very unusual and updates continue posting helpful articles I always will then visit and enjoy the latest articles I bookmaks visit back produsen jaket kulit…thanks admin

  33. Movie rulz says:

    Thankyou for sharing this great information

  34. This is really awesome post and also a great view thanks for sharing this.

  35. I just google about Siberian and found this post. Really helpful to find routes from Siberian…… Thanks for sharing this!

  36. livetvnews says:

    One of the greatest article i had ever came across thank you for sharing with us
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  37. It seems you enjoyed a lot and a memorable trip it was for you :)

  38. Babyplants says:

    Kind of glad to live in England now ^^

  39. pcris says:

    I traveled once in Trans-Siberian Railroad and the view is awesome. It was an amazing experience.

  40. I never visited any other country. I am from India and i do not have sufficient money to fly out of India. But keep myself satisfied by seeing these type of beautiful pics which i can feel just :(

    Thanks for sharing this.

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